IRON AND VITAMINS
FOOD SUPPLEMENTS AND MULTIVITAMINS
Food supplements are used to supplement the normal diet and are a concentrated source of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals, amino acids, essential fatty acids, fibre or plant extracts.
They are often recommended as support for particular diets where there may be nutrient deficiencies or increased requirements, or they can be used to support the body’s normal function during stress, seasonal changes, intense physical activity or convalescence.
The use of vitamins and minerals can help alleviate physical and mental fatigue, as well as being a valuable support for the proper functioning of the immune system.
Supplements are not intended as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and should be used as part of a healthy lifestyle. It should be remembered that taking supplements is not always useful for everyone or in every situation.
ANAEMIA AND IRON DEFICIENCY
Among dietary nutrient deficiencies, the most common is certainly sideropenia, or iron deficiency. This condition affects 25% of the world’s population: around 2 billion people are affected.
Iron and folate are essential elements for the production of red blood cells, particles that allow the transport of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. In case of deficiency, anaemia can develop, i.e. a condition that does not allow the proper synthesis of red blood cells, making them less efficient. In the case of pregnancy, anaemia can be very dangerous, as a deficiency of iron and folate does not allow the foetus to develop properly.
The most common symptoms of anaemia are exhaustion, weakness, paleness and dizziness.