central nervous system
Through its psychological and intellectual brain functions, the nervous system receives information from the external environment and processes an adaptive response to what is happening.
Due to the lack of remedial treatments and the continuing increase in the average age of the population, brain diseases are one of the most widespread pathological conditions in Western countries.
With around one billion people affected worldwide, they are also the leading cause of disability.
The most widespread diseases are headaches, epilepsy, sleep disorders, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis, stroke, dementia and inflammatory diseases.
The cardiovascular system consists of organs and tissues that allow blood to circulate through the body to supply the cells with nutrients and oxygen and to eliminate waste substances. It also serves to carry important components of the immune system and other molecules such as hormones.
The most common causes of death in the world are disorders and diseases of this system, due to hypertension (harmful increase in pressure on the walls of the arteries) or atherosclerosis (fatty deposits, calcifications or inflammatory processes that can clog the arteries).
The respiratory system plays an essential role in the body by supplying oxygen to cells and removing carbon dioxide and waste products from the blood. When compromised by infectious diseases or inflammatory states, symptoms such as coughing, sore throat, secretions, breathing difficulties or rhinitis may occur.
The most common disease affecting the respiratory tract is the flu, an infection of the airways (nose, throat and lungs) caused by influenza viruses typically during the cold seasons of the year. Like all viral infections, it can be transmitted by direct contact with an affected individual or carrier, or through contaminated objects or surfaces.
Gastrointestinal disorders are among the most common and widespread in the world: about one third of the world’s population suffers from them. The main symptoms include heartburn, abdominal pain, bloating and meteorism, diarrhoea, digestive difficulties and constipation. The main cause is an imbalance in the intestinal microflora naturally present in the gut, which can be altered by infections, medications, disease states, poor diet, intolerances or allergies.
A healthy, active lifestyle and a balanced diet rich in fibre and low in saturated fats are the first choice for a healthy gut.
inflammation and pain
Pain is an unpleasant stimulus that signals ongoing damage to cells or tissues. It is triggered in order to preserve the affected structures, preventing further actual or possible damage. However, in some cases, pain (acute or chronic) may occur even when there is no injury in progress. The perception of pain is subjective and varies according to the site, quality and intensity of the stimulus.
Usually, pain is also accompanied by inflammation, i.e. a specific defence mechanism put in place by the immune system to eliminate or render harmless the agent that caused the injury, while also allowing damaged tissue to repair itself. The symptoms that may accompany the inflammatory state, in addition to pain, are redness, heat, swelling and/or exudate, with impaired function of the affected area.
Every nutrient has a specific function within the body, but deficiencies can occur when the intake is insufficient for the proper functioning of the metabolism.
In certain periods of life or conditions (such as pregnancy, lactation, old age, illness), but also in the case of unbalanced diets or bad habits, the body may require an increased intake of nutrients, which must be supplied to the body through food or food supplements. In more serious cases, if the need is not sufficiently covered by supplementation, drugs may be needed to restore normal metabolism.
Medications and supplements used in cases of nutritional deficiencies provide a concentrated source of nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, amino acids, essential fatty acids, fibre or plant extracts.